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Fukushima Commentary (blog)
Is the Fukushima accident ongoing? Does Fukushima have the potential for world-wide apocalyptic disaster? Are the Fukushima radiation levels health-threatening? What Press reports border on the irrational?
"Fukushima : The First Five Days"...a book taken from the records kept by the operating staff at Fukushima Daiichi during the first crucial days of the crisis. It is now available at all E-book outlets. For the PDF and bundle... (click here)
"Kimin: Japan's Forgotten People" - A book about the untold story of Japan's 300,000 tsunami refugees, ignored by the world's news media. For availability... (click here)
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April 17, 2016
305thCarnival of Nuclear Energy Bloggers
The Hiroshima Syndrome’s Fukushima Commentary is proudly hosting the latest edition of the Carnival of Nuclear Bloggers. This week, we have postings by Dr. Gail Marcus, Dan Yurman, Rod Adams, Brian Wang, and Meredith Angwin.
Here’s the Fact or Fiction (?) quiz for this week… Democritus, the ancient Greek natural philosopher, was the first to theorize the concept of the atom.
Now…for this week’s Blogs. To read the full articles, please click on the individual links. Blog topics for this edition include… confusing correlation with causation, roadmap for SMR operation at INL, metallic fuels for LWRs, EMC2 Fusion’s advances in “Wiffle Ball” plasma, and a course on what may be hidden in the electric bill.
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From Dr. Gail Marcus’ Nuke Power Talk –
Drawing the Right Conclusions
Gail Marcus takes on the authors of a study that seems to confuse correlation with (inevitable) causation. The study shows that the per capita emissions of the wealthier countries today are greater than those of poor countries, and from that, concludes there should be a policy of “degrowth” to meet environmental goals. Gail notes that they do not seem to give enough consideration to other options. http://nukepowertalk.blogspot.com/2016/04/energy-economics-and-correlation-versus.html
From Dan Yurman’s Neutron Bytes –
NuScale announces roadmap for SMR operation at Idaho site by 2024
Somewhere within the 981 square miles of the Idaho National Laboratory there is a site that will be selected as the location for a first-of-a-kind commercial 50 MW small modular reactor. https://neutronbytes.com/2016/04/15/nuscale-announces-roadmap-to-smr-operation-at-idaho-site-by-2024/
From Rod Adams’ Atomic Insights –
Lightbridge metallic alloy fuel provides upgrade path for LWRs
Lightbridge, a company that was originally incorporated as Thorium Power, Inc., has achieved significant milestones since 2010, when it made a strategic turn from thorium based fuels to low enriched uranium metal alloy fuels in 2010. It's developing a joint venture with Areva to produce commercial fuel and will begin the final phase of qualification testing with an operating temperature, pressure, and neutron flux test run in Norway's Hallam reactor starting in early 2017. Development is ahead of schedule and under budget. http://atomicinsights.com/lightbridge-metallic-alloy-fuel-provides-upgrade-path-lwrs/
From Brian Wang’s Next Big Future (2) –
2013 Independent Review declares EMC2 Fusion's progress to be most significant advances made in plasma physics and magnetic fusion over the past 50 years
The focus of EMC2 efforts has sharpened considerably and is now totally concentrated on experimentally producing a so-called Wiffle Ball (WB) plasma in a Polywell magnetic field configuration and diagnosing it in detail to verify its confinement properties, a step that is essential to the success of their fusion power concept.” In a briefing on November 7, 2013, Dr. Jaeyoung Park of EMC2 provided the committee a very thorough briefing on their latest laboratory results. In the committee’s opinion the EMC2 staff has “kept their eyes on the ball” in spite of the trying financial conditions under which they have been operating for the past several months. Their recent results have been dramatic. http://nextbigfuture.com/2016/04/2013-independent-review-of-emc2-fusions.html
World Energy Mix in 2035 will have more nuclear because China will build it
BP says the global use of nuclear energy is forecast to grow by 1.9% per year from 574.0 million toe (tonnes of oil equivalent) in 2014 to 859.2 million toe in 2035, which is an overall increase of 50%. Nuclear output in the European Union and North America is expected to decline 29% and 13%, respectively, as aging reactors are gradually retired and "the economic and political challenges of nuclear energy stunt new investments". However, output in China is forecast to increase 11.2% annually. BP said Japan's nuclear output will reach 60% of its 2010 level by 2020 as reactors restart over the next five years. http://nextbigfuture.com/2016/04/world-energy-mix-in-2035-will-have-more.html
From Meredith Angwin’s Yes Vermont Yankee –
The Grid: My Course at OSHER Dartmouth
This Tuesday, Meredith Angwin begins teaching the course: The Grid, What Your Electricity Bill Won't Tell You. She will distinguish between two aspects of the grid: Power (supplying electricity) and Policy (what kind of generation, and who pays for it). The course will be videotaped, and links to the videotapes will be posted. http://yesvy.blogspot.com/2016/04/the-grid-my-course-at-dartmouth-osher.html#.VxPa-Dam73E
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Here’s the Fact or Fiction (?) answer for this week… Fiction.
Democritus is often credited with the first promulgation of atomic theory, but he attributed the notion to his predecessor, Leucippus. Leucippus supposedly wrote The Big Cosmology, which has been lost to history. However, Democritus’ Little Cosmology (also lost) was referenced by Aristotle, who opposed atomic theory and the notion of space being empty. Aristotle tells us that Democritus got his idea from Leucippus and defined the atom as the irreducible minimum quantity of matter, each type of atom differing only in shape. To Democritus, space was infinite in extent and atoms infinite in number. His only attributable statement to have survived is, "Nothing occurs at random, but everything happens for a reason and by necessity." https://www.scribd.com/doc/26307868/Democritus-Biography
March 11, 2016
Fukushima at Five Years:
Rampant Radiophobia Ham-strings Japan
Oxford Dictionaries defines radiophobia as “Fear of real or imagined danger from radiation or radioactivity.” The Free Dictionary defines it as “Morbid fear of radiation, as from x-rays or nuclear energy” and/or “An abnormal fear of x-rays and radiation.” All About Counseling.com says, “When faced with the a threat of radiation, which may just be a perceived threat and not an actually dangerous situation… a radiophobic person may begin to avoid unfamiliar places and new social situations which can damage physical and mental health, damage existing social relationships, and prevent a person from making any new meaningful relationships.”
While most of these effects are common to most Japanese who suffer radiophobia, a small minority are socially and politically active; taking part in protest demonstrations and pressuring elected officials to no end. Others are quite litigious - prone to go to law to settle disputes – and have the personal wealth to file expensive lawsuits.
Rampant radiophobia infects millions of Japanese citizens, and it is allowed to fester virtually unabated. Its impact has reached the point of abject national catastrophe. Recovery from the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami has been severely crippled, not only because of radiation that is detectible, but also due to the conceptual possibility of radiation existing in miniscule concentrations that even the most sensitive technology cannot identify.
What follows are several stark examples of how severe the problem has become…examples that only exist because of a population that has never been provided even a minimal education on the subject. Decades of social rumor-mongering, unabashed rejection of science, and espoused distrust of official information sources by numerous internet sites, have combined to create and nurture Japan’s radiophobia epidemic.
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1. The continual build-up of purified waste waters at Fukushima Daiichi.
Since March 2011, almost 800,000 tons of contaminated water has built up at F. Daiichi. All waters are run through highly efficient, multi-level filtration systems and stored in large tanks that populate nearly all available space at F. Daiichi. The water in the vast majority of the tanks – more than 97% - has been stripped of all radio-isotopes except one: Tritium – the radioactive isotope of hydrogen. The purification systems remove what is dissolved or suspended in the water. Tritium cannot be removed from the stored waters because it is part of the water itself. Tepco cannot discharge the purified waters because of the detectible levels of Tritium they contain, and for no other reason.
Tritium is about as harmless as it gets. The lowest radioactive concentration to have actually caused a negative health effect was 37 million Becquerels per liter. (see our Background Information on Tritium page) Japan’s drinking water limit for Tritium is 60,000 Bq/l. The Tritium levels in the purified water tanks at F. Daiichi vary, but those with the highest concentration are in the 600,000 Becquerels per liter range. But, these waters would not be released into a river, stream, or aquifer. Rather, it would all be dumped into the Pacific Ocean. Not only would the concentrations be diluted to the extreme, but even if they were not, nary a microbe would be harmed.
2. Negative impacts on the Fukushima fishing industry
The main, if not the only reason that nearly 800,000 tons of purified water languishes in giant tanks at F. Daiichi is to prevent unfounded rumors from further harming Fukushima’s fishing industry. Prior to the nuke accident, the market for Fukushima seafood was robust. It came to a screeching halt five years ago. However, testing over the past two years has shown that Fukushima’s marketed fish are either not radioactive, or way below Japan’s strict standard for open sale.
Yet, the market for the Prefecture’s seafood has remained depressed, mostly due to rumors about radiation that linger in the consumer demographic. The government’s survey on consumer opinions in 2015 revealed that almost 20% of those in Tokyo refused to buy anything caught in Fukushima Prefecture. It doesn’t matter that only 0.046% of all the fish caught off the coast of Fukushima in 2015 had a radioactive cesium level exceeding Japan’s limit of 100 Becquerels per kilogram. It doesn’t matter that all fish are diligently scanned for contamination by the most sensitive detection technology money can buy, and those above the limit are discarded. To the radiophobic consumer, merely the possibility of contamination causes unconditional rejection.
If Tepco dumped even the smallest amount of the purified, albeit tritiated water into the sea, there is little doubt that the Fukushima fishing business would experience a further significant financial downturn.
Those who shun Fukushima seafood surely include those who are the first to moan over the perceived suffering of the prefecture’s residents. They want their cake and eat it, too. Hypocrisy personified, to be sure!
3. Minimal return of mandated and voluntary evacuees
Attempts to repopulate the Fukushima evacuation zone have been disappointing, to say the least. Lifting residency restrictions has not witnessed a mass return to former heath and home. Case in point - Naraha. The town stretches between 11 and 20 kilometers south of F. Daiichi, and experienced the mildest deposition of airborne contamination in the entire zone. None of the town’s radiation levels never reached the 20 millisievert per year criterion for evacuation, as evidenced by the earliest Tokyo helicopter-based estimates between 2011 and 2012. Nahara’s mandated depopulation was entirely due to then-PM Naoto Kan’s arbitrary evacuation radius of 20km, issued on March 12, 2011.
Arbitrary? Without a doubt! The government’s guideline for evacuation was out to 10 kilometers; not twenty. Kan doubled it for reasons that have yet to come to light, and probably never will.
By early 2015, Naraha had been fully decontaminated and Tokyo began an overly-cautious, step-by-step reopening of the town. Radiation exposures due to Fukushima were barely distinguishable from natural background levels, so all restrictions were lifted six months ago. Of the town’s pre-accident population of 7,000, only a little over 500 have returned home as of this month! Another 3,000 or so say they plan on eventually returning, but are holding back because of lingering concerns of radiation exposure… radiophobia!
Sadly, Naraha example is representative of what has happened with all locations that have had their evacuation orders lifted. Tokyo’s recovery agency reports that less than 10% of all Fukushima evacuees allowed to go home, have actually done it. It is also estimated that 50% of all people who will ever be allowed to go home will exploit the opportunity. The typical given reason is fear of low level radiation exposure. Evacuation orders will be dropped for all or parts of nine more communities by April 1, 2017. But, it is unlikely that more than ten percent of the tens of thousands of evacuees that will be able to go home, will do it quickly. Probably, half of the former populations will never return. Radiophobia will strike again.
To add to the mess, about 30,000 of the original 85,000 “voluntary” evacuees remain estranged from their homes. None were ordered to abandon their homes…they just did it because of radiophobia. It is good that a much higher percentage of voluntaries have gone home than mandated evacuees, but they should never have fled for a prolonged period, in the first place! To the voluntaries, the entirely hypothetical risk of low level radiation exposure was more important than staying in their homes, and for many to never return at all! That’s not just fear… it’s abject terror!
It should be noted that an independent study out of Britain concludes that the prolonged evacuation was never justified. (Fukushima Update; March 10, 2016) Head researcher, Professor Phillip Thomas, said “We judged that no one should have been relocated in Fukushima and it could be argued this was a kneejerk reaction. It did more harm than good. An awful lot of disruption has been caused.”
Did more harm than good? That’s putting it mildly. It has been an unbridled, completely avoidable disaster that caused the subsequent unnecessary deaths of at least 1,000 innocent Japanese. All because of a megalomaniacal Prime Minister’s radiophobic nightmares…
4. Avoidance of a decision on rural decontamination materials
The decontamination of no less than eight prefectures, other than Fukushima, has resulted in millions of cubic meter bags of these materials. They have been piling up in “temporary” storage locations for a long time…some for more than four years. Tokyo wants to move them to central locations in each prefecture, and return the storage sites to the owners. But, radiophobia-infected fanatics in the prefectures block preliminary effort on the part of the government at every turn. Human chains have stopped Tokyo’s preliminary siting teams from running environmental surveys to assess the relative appropriateness of the designated test locations.
There is no doubt that everyone in the affected prefectures wants the bags disposed of. But, hypothetical fears of the remote possibility of an innocuous, but detectible leak, have stopped due process in its tracks. It’s NIMBY (Not In My Back Yard!) at its ugliest. And the bottom line reason is fear of radiation. To be more accurate, fear of the remote possibility of radiation.
Several times in 2015, Tokyo sent teams of qualified researchers out to test the geological and environmental factors surrounding locations designated as merely possible central storage sites. In each case, radiophobia victim have blocked the teams from accessing the sites! Why? Because it is possible that one of the sites might end up being selected as the temporary location for the mildly radioactive bags!
In other words…everyone wants the widely-scattered bags put somewhere, but the radiophobic demographic of Japan won’t let it happen. Irresponsible? To be sure. But, severe radiophobia makes people act in an irresponsible fashion! This should not be called “irrational”, however. Actually… it makes perfect sense. Severe radiophobics are in mortal fear for their lives! Whether or not it is a fear based on reality, is not the point. They literally lose their water at the mere mention of the possibility, no matter how unlikely. It is as rational as being arachnophobic (fear of spiders)… of which I will admit to being one. Regardless…I am completely aware of my phobic predisposition relative to the tiny eight-legged creatures, and quell my fears accordingly. However, those who suffer radiophobia in Japan have no idea that they are monumentally over-reacting!
Now…here’s the fact that makes it even more sorrowful – 68% of all bagged radioactive rural waste is no longer “hot” enough to qualify as radioactive waste! (Fukushima Update; February 4 & 18, 2016) Radioactive decay results in constant lowering of the activity itself. The major portion of the stuff can now be legally buried in landfills, like all other garbage. But, it is not happening! Tokyo is “investigating” what to do with the no-longer above-limit stuff. Oh, they could just do the right thing, of course. But, that would risk the unbridled, news media broadcasting of the outrage displayed by the radiophobic activists who want to protect themselves from the possibility of exposure. Politicians are averse to inciting socio-political outrage that will be necessarily broadcast by Japan’s admittedly-antinuclear Press. We’re talking about votes, folks. Let reality be damned!
How serious are the political impacts of this aspect of radiophobia? In November, a poll of Honshu Island prefectures revealed that thirteen unconditionally refused to host a low level waste repository, eight responded “negatively”, 24 said they were not sure, and two said they will “carefully consider the possibility. Four said they would never even discuss it. One of the four was Fukui; surprising because the prefecture has more nuke units than any other. Another, Kochi, volunteered to be a repository of sorts in 2007, but local fanatic opposition has completely changed their tune. All four flat refusal prefectures said it was because of the damage that radiation rumors would do to their economy. Radiation rumors hurting an economy happened in Fukushima, and it could happen anywhere else.
The politically damaging impact of radiophobia forced Tokyo to throw in the towel on siting a waste repository. Late in November, the government dropped all plans for attempting to have preliminary site environmental studies run. The Environment Ministry said they want to meet with local mayors of the possible repository sites, but as yet nothing has happened. Trying to fight through the political impediments created by radiophobia is too problematic to be considered.
Only one prefecture has decided to do the right thing and open a central storage location. Surprisingly, it is Fukushima…the last place anyone not following this ongoing soap opera would ever guess. (Fukushima Update; December 3, 2015) Governor Uchibori announced the approval of the site, immediately adjacent to the F. Daiichi property boundary. There are about 650,000 bags of mildly radioactive rural decontamination materials in the prefecture, so at least a small portion of it is being handled responsibly. However, no other prefecture in Japan has the cohunes to do the same. Why? Because radiophobia is an “equal opportunity” affliction. It’s not only the public at-large…it also includes their elected officials.
5. Blocking restarts of nukes to prevent being exposed to radiation
There is no reasonable doubt that the restart of most currently-idled Japanese nukes is critical to the recovery of Japan’s greatly-weakened economy. However, the fanatic efforts of Japanese radiophobics have greatly inhibited this important aspect of economic recovery. Why? Because of the hypothetical risk of possibly getting innocuous levels of radiation on them.
That was not a sarcastic, disrespectful comment! This is what the individuals and their lawyers behind the court order to shutter Takahama unit #3, are actually saying!
The injunction was rendered by court in a prefecture that does not host any nukes; Shiga. It is an injunction against the operation of the Takahama units in neighboring Fukui Prefecture. Takahama unit #3 was operating at full power, and had been declared commercial for nearly two weeks. It was forced to be shut down 24 hours ago. The Otsu District Court rendered the estoppel order despite all prefectural and local bodies in Fukui Prefecture giving the plant the go-ahead to operate….despite passing what are espoused to be the world’s toughest safety standards.
Local residents of Shiga Prefecture had filed a complaint with the Otsu court, and the court fully supported them. The most striking of the reasons for the resident’s filing is that Takahama might expose them to radiation. Not dangerous levels, or even levels of hypothetical harm. Not an inevitability, or even a likely possibility. Just radiation - period. One gleeful Shiga resident said the Takahama unit operation disregarded the pains felt by people in Fukushima. A Fukushima resident supported the notion by saying, “The ruling is good in preventing others from experiencing the same distress as we have."
Their pain is not from Fukushima itself. Rather, their pain is the mental and physical suffering caused by an inordinate fear of the most ubiquitous phenomena known to exist, emitted by all food, water, and atmospheres in the universe … low-level radiation!
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Radiophobia is one of the three main causes of the Hiroshima Syndrome. In Japan, it is unquestionably the primary cause. It has stopped Fukushima Prefecture’s recovery in its tracks, dealt Japan’s economy a punch below the belt, and caused its politicians to reject the best for Japan in favor of avoiding the loss of votes. The only reason for radiophobia’s existence is ignorance. Ignorance can only be resolved through a decided effort to educate. Unfortunately, Japan’s government has no apparent desire to educate on the subject. They would rather coddle than inform, and in the process irresponsibly exacerbate the national epidemic known as radiophobia.
March 6, 2016
302nd Carnival of Nuclear Energy Bloggers
The Hiroshima Syndrome’s Fukushima Commentary is proudly hosting the latest edition of the Carnival of Nuclear Bloggers. This week, we have postings by Dr. Jim Conca, Oscar Archer, Bill Sacks, Dr. Gail Marcus, Meredith Angwin, and Rod Adams.
Here’s the Fact or Fiction (?) quiz for this week… The Tokyo government ordered 160,000 people to evacuate from around the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident site in 2011.
Now…for this week’s Blogs. To read the full articles, please click on the individual links. Blog topics for this edition include… Nuclear plants should be licensed for 80 years, counter-balancing Fukushima fear-mongering, why solar is dependent on nuclear, nuclear combats air pollution, and much more.
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From Dr. Jim Conca of Forbes –
Nuclear Plants Running For 80 Years Trump Renewables and Gas
If we don’t renew the licenses of most of our nuclear power plants for an additional 20 years, bringing their life-spans up to 80 years, we will have no hope of significantly curbing fossil fuel use in America. Both hydro and nuclear plant lifetimes are expected to exceed 80 years. Maintaining existing units cuts the cost of producing electricity in half, relative to installing new units of either hydro or nuclear, and cuts costs even more relative to installing new wind and solar. Maintaining existing nuclear is cheaper than installing new natural gas plants, even with our absurdly low gas prices. http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/2016/02/23/80-year-nuclear-plants-trump-renewables-and-gas/#4d97177278b4
From Oscar Archer’s Actinide Age –
Fukushima Fear-mongering: The Party’s Over
Search “Fukushima” in Google Images, and you’ll see the top 4 hits aren’t even Fukushima. This is a clear symptom of the belligerence and desperation the world has been subjected to from nuclear opponents for the last five years. They are determined to convince folks that the limited, localized, and non-fatal impacts of a triple nuclear meltdown will insidiously across oceans and in to their homes. Oscar posts a long list of sites with authoritative information to counter this. http://actinideage.com/2016/03/03/fukushima-fear-mongering-the-partys-over/
From Bill Sacks, posted in the Santa Cruz Green Valley News –
Solar Energy: It’s dependent on nuclear energy
Neither solar nor wind can provide baseload electricity and they are therefore dependent on gas, coal, and/or nuclear energy. Since our goal is to eliminate the burning of coal, gas, and oil, the main portion of the world’s electricity — its baseload — will necessarily have to come from nuclear energy. It will not simply be part of the mix, but rather will have to become the mainstay. http://www.gvnews.com/opinion/in-my-view-solar-energy-it-s-dependent-on-nuclear/article_4f03c81c-e01a-11e5-a2ad-bb71a2b7b98d.html
From Dr. Gail Marcus’ Nuke Power Talk -
Combatting Air Pollution: A Role for Nuclear Power
Dr. Marcus makes note of a recent report that air pollution causes more than 5 million deaths each year. We used to focus on air pollution as a major problem. As concerns about climate change took on more visibility, air pollution seemed to be demoted to second place. But, climate change has generated its own controversy that has somewhat diverted attention. Looking at things more holistically, the double whammy of air pollution and possible climatic effects makes an even stronger case that something must be done to reduce emissions from fossil fuels, which adds to the case for more clean energy sources, including nuclear power. http://nukepowertalk.blogspot.com/2016/02/combatting-air-pollution.html
From Meredith Angwin (2) –
In the Northwest Clean Energy Blog…
Columbia in NRC's Highest Performance Category
Columbia Generating Station is now rated in the NRC's highest performance category. This post at the Energy Northwest blog is taken from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission news release, publicizing its review results. The NRC also announces a public open house meeting in Richland, Washington, on March 17th. http://northwestcleanenergy.com/2016/03/04/columbia-in-nrcs-highest-performance-category/
In Meredith’s Yes Vermont Yankee
Dry Cask Update and SAFSTOR Matters video
The Vermont Public Service Board is holding hearings on Entergy's application to build pads for dry cask storage. Vermont Yankee makes a short and accurate video about the SAFSTOR plans. In contrast, an intervenor suggests that the plant move the dry casks across town and bury them in a gravel pit. http://yesvy.blogspot.com/2016/02/dry-cask-update-and-safstor-matters.html#.VttQMjZdL3F
From Rod Adams’ Atomic Insights -
Mark Z. Jacobson is proud that his models disagree with IPCC (and almost everyone else)
Rod Adams illustrates why more people need to question Mark Z. Jacobson as a source of reliable information about electrical power sources, and electricity transmission and distribution systems. Rod cannot understand why Jacobson has been so heavily promoted by the prestigious university where he works, nor comprehend why his colleagues seem reluctant to express the same doubts about his assumptions, methods and results in public that they do in private conversations. http://atomicinsights.com/jacobson-quotes-low-end-of-unreliables-price-estimates/
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Here’s the Fact or Fiction (?) answer for this week… Fiction.
Eleven municipalities’ were affected by the Tokyo-ordered evacuation around Fukushima Daiichi in the spring of 2011. The total population of the communities, at the time, was 113,000. However, four of the communities had but a portion of their population actually ordered to leave. The official number of Tokyo-ordered evacuees was about 75,000; each subsequently qualifying for $7,500 per month in compensation. The 160,000 number often posted by the popular Press includes the 85,000 who fled voluntarily from outside the Tokyo-mandated evacuation zone. http://www.iddri.org/Publications/Collections/Analyses/STUDY0513_RH_DEVAST%20report.pdf
February 14. 2016
299th Carnival of Nuclear Energy Bloggers
The Hiroshima Syndrome’s Fukushima Commentary is proudly hosting the latest edition of the Carnival of Nuclear Bloggers. This week, we have postings by Dan Yurman, Dr. Gail Marcus, Meredith Angwin, John Dobken, Guy Page, and Dr. Jim Conca.
Here’s the Fact or Fiction (?) quiz for this week… Canada is the country producing the most uranium in the world.
Now…for this week’s Blogs. To read the full articles, please click on the individual links. Blog topics for this edition include… little hope for ABWRs in Texas, NRC celebrates 25 years of principles of good regulation, women’s careers in energy, how less nuclear means more natural gas (no matter what the headlines say), the new storage pad at Vermont Yankee.
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From Dan Yurman’s Neutron Bytes –
NRG gets licenses for STP twin ABWRs, but little hope to build them
From Dr. Gail Marcus’ Nuke Power Talk (2) –
NRC Celebrates 25 Years of the principles of Good Regulation
Women, Energy, and Careers - Some Interesting Perspectives
From Northwest Clean Energy (2) –
Reality: Less nuclear means more natural gas
Energy Policy by Headline
From Meredith Angwin’s Yes Vermont Yankee (2) -
Guest post by Guy Page;
New Storage Pad Needed at Vermont Yankee
Smaller Faster Lighter Denser Cheaper; Book Review
From Dr. Jim Conca at Forbes –
SCOTUS Chickens Out On Plan To Reduce Carbon Emissions
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Here’s the Fact or Fiction (?) answer for this week… Fiction.
Canada actually ranks number two in the world for uranium production. The world’s leader – by a long shot – is Kazakhstan, with 23,127 tons produced in 2014. Canada was second at 9,134 tons, and Australia third at 5,000 tons. The United States ranked eighth at 1,919 tons. http://investingnews.com/daily/resource-investing/energy-investing/uranium-investing/top-10-uranium-producing-countries-russia-usa-canada-kazakhstan-2/